List of birds of Fiji

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The avifauna of Fiji is the richest in West Polynesia. Numerous families reach the furthest east of their range, and the island is home to several endemic species and genera, as well as sharing several more endemics with its close neighbours Tonga and Samoa.Ther avifauna of Fiji has been heavily impacted by the arrival of humans. Several species (and some genera) were lost in prehistory and are known only from fossil remains. Other have become extinct more recently, and some species remain very close to extinction. It is certain that the current knowledge of the previous ranges of many species is incomplete and further research is needed.

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Fiji. The avifauna of Fiji Pacific Black Duck with ducklingincludes a total of 149 species, of which 27 are endemic, 13 have been introduced by humans, and 34 are rare or accidental. Numerous species listed have been extirpated from Fiji and are not included in the species count, although they are listed where known. 17 species are globally threatened.

This list’s taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements‘s 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Fiji.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. (?) Indicates uncertain record or uncertainty about current status of species.

  • (V) Vagrant A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Fiji.
  • (B) Breeder A species that breeds in Fiji.
  • (M) Migrant A species that regularly migrates to Fiji.
  • (P) Passage Migrant A species that neither breeds nor winters in Fiji but regularly passes through.
  • (I) Introduced A species introduced to Fiji as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.
  • (X) Extirpated A species that no longer occurs here although populations may exist elsewhere.
  • (*) Endemic A species that is endemic to Fiji.

List of birds of Fiji. (2008, September 22). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:32, November 17, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_Fiji&oldid=240176185


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